Rune Readers Header

Runic Alphabets

Runic Alphabets

Some of the absolute earliest know Runic inscriptions have been estimated to be from around the 1st Century AD however, the majority of these Runic finds date from the 8th to the 12th Centuries.

Inscriptions using Runes have been found throughout Europe, especially Scandinavia, Germany, the British Isles, and even the Balkans.

The origin of the letters themselves could be greek, Roman, or of some other origin… it is not clear as there is some resemblance to several ancient alphabets. The Word Rune or Run in ‘Old Norse’ means secret, whisper or mystery.

In the very early inscriptions, the direction of writing/reading was varies,… sometimes from left to right, sometimes from right to left. Up to down and down to up writings have also been discovered.

However, by the mid 8th century it became settled in a left to right format with word separation being noted by one or two small dots.

The Runes were used for many purposes:

  • On Rocks, cliffs and some buildings
  • On some Anglo Saxon Grave Stones
  • As Religious or Magic inscriptions/Charms/Curses etc.
  • For divination
  • As personal letters/communications
  • To write Lewd poetry
  • As signatures on works of Art made by woodworkers, metalworkers and jewellers, etc.

There are quite a few different variations of the Runic alphabet… the most common the the following three.


The Elder Futhark

Elder Futhark

The Yournger Futhark

Futhork or Anglo Saxon Runes

Anglos Saxon Runes

Futhork or Anglo Saxon Runes

The most commonly used Runes for divination are those of the Eldar Futhark and those are the Runes that we use in the course ’28 Days to Rune Mastery’.

Share this post:

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on pinterest
Share on reddit
Share on tumblr
Share on whatsapp
Share on email

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Don’t Stop Here

More To Explore

Runes of the Week – Mar 2 This is a general Rune Reading for this week (2nd March) for anyone watching. Check out if you want to book a reading with me.

Decision Making with the Runes

Another Facebook live broadcast where I discuss how to use the Runes to help with any decision making process. 

7-day Rune Challenge

7 Day Rune Challenge

This course has now morphed into the 7-day Rune Challenge… A brief overview of the Course from Youtube